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GNU GPL version 3 İngilizce


GNU GPL(Genel Kamu Lisansı) versiyon 3 İngilizce Resmi ve Gayrı resmi Türkçe metni aşağıdaki gibidir. İngilizce Resmi Metni (Kaynak adresi FSF GPL) :


Version 3, 29 June 2007

Copyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <> Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.


The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works. The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs, too. When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute copies of free software (and charge for them if you wish), that you receive source code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in new free programs, and that you know you can do these things. To protect your rights, we need to prevent others from denying you these rights or asking you to surrender the rights. Therefore, you have certain responsibilities if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it: responsibilities to respect the freedom of others. For example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must pass on to the recipients the same freedoms that you received. You must make sure that they, too, receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know their rights. Developers that use the GNU GPL protect your rights with two steps: (1) assert copyright on the software, and (2) offer you this License giving you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify it. For the developers' and authors' protection, the GPL clearly explains that there is no warranty for this free software. For both users' and authors' sake, the GPL requires that modified versions be marked as changed, so that their problems will not be attributed erroneously to authors of previous versions. Some devices are designed to deny users access to install or run modified versions of the software inside them, although the manufacturer can do so. This is fundamentally incompatible with the aim of protecting users' freedom to change the software. The systematic pattern of such abuse occurs in the area of products for individuals to use, which is precisely where it is most unacceptable. Therefore, we have designed this version of the GPL to prohibit the practice for those products. If such problems arise substantially in other domains, we stand ready to extend this provision to those domains in future versions of the GPL, as needed to protect the freedom of users. Finally, every program is threatened constantly by software patents. States should not allow patents to restrict development and use of software on general-purpose computers, but in those that do, we wish to avoid the special danger that patents applied to a free program could make it effectively proprietary. To prevent this, the GPL assures that patents cannot be used to render the program non-free. The precise terms and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.


0. Definitions.
“This License” refers to version 3 of the GNU General Public License. “Copyright” also means copyright-like laws that apply to other kinds of works, such as semiconductor masks. “The Program” refers to any copyrightable work licensed under this License. Each licensee is addressed as “you”. “Licensees” and “recipients” may be individuals or organizations. To “modify” a work means to copy from or adapt all or part of the work in a fashion requiring copyright permission, other than the making of an exact copy. The resulting work is called a “modified version” of the earlier work or a work “based on” the earlier work. A “covered work” means either the unmodified Program or a work based on the Program. To “propagate” a work means to do anything with it that, without permission, would make you directly or secondarily liable for infringement under applicable copyright law, except executing it on a computer or modifying a private copy. Propagation includes copying, distribution (with or without modification), making available to the public, and in some countries other activities as well. To “convey” a work means any kind of propagation that enables other parties to make or receive copies. Mere interaction with a user through a computer network, with no transfer of a copy, is not conveying. An interactive user interface displays “Appropriate Legal Notices” to the extent that it includes a convenient and prominently visible feature that (1) displays an appropriate copyright notice, and (2) tells the user that there is no warranty for the work (except to the extent that warranties are provided), that licensees may convey the work under this License, and how to view a copy of this License. If the interface presents a list of user commands or options, such as a menu, a prominent item in the list meets this criterion.
1. Source Code.
The “source code” for a work means the preferred form of the work for making modifications to it. “Object code” means any non-source form of a work. A “Standard Interface” means an interface that either is an official standard defined by a recognized standards body, or, in the case of interfaces specified for a particular programming language, one that is widely used among developers working in that language. The “System Libraries” of an executable work include anything, other than the work as a whole, that (a) is included in the normal form of packaging a Major Component, but which is not part of that Major Component, and (b) serves only to enable use of the work with that Major Component, or to implement a Standard Interface for which an implementation is available to the public in source code form. A “Major Component”, in this context, means a major essential component (kernel, window system, and so on) of the specific operating system (if any) on which the executable work runs, or a compiler used to produce the work, or an object code interpreter used to run it. The “Corresponding Source” for a work in object code form means all the source code needed to generate, install, and (for an executable work) run the object code and to modify the work, including scripts to control those activities. However, it does not include the work's System Libraries, or general-purpose tools or generally available free programs which are used unmodified in performing those activities but which are not part of the work. For example, Corresponding Source includes interface definition files associated with source files for the work, and the source code for shared libraries and dynamically linked subprograms that the work is specifically designed to require, such as by intimate data communication or control flow between those subprograms and other parts of the work. The Corresponding Source need not include anything that users can regenerate automatically from other parts of the Corresponding Source. The Corresponding Source for a work in source code form is that same work.
2. Basic Permissions.
All rights granted under this License are granted for the term of copyright on the Program, and are irrevocable provided the stated conditions are met. This License explicitly affirms your unlimited permission to run the unmodified Program. The output from running a covered work is covered by this License only if the output, given its content, constitutes a covered work. This License acknowledges your rights of fair use or other equivalent, as provided by copyright law. You may make, run and propagate covered works that you do not convey, without conditions so long as your license otherwise remains in force. You may convey covered works to others for the sole purpose of having them make modifications exclusively for you, or provide you with facilities for running those works, provided that you comply with the terms of this License in conveying all material for which you do not control copyright. Those thus making or running the covered works for you must do so exclusively on your behalf, under your direction and control, on terms that prohibit them from making any copies of your copyrighted material outside their relationship with you. Conveying under any other circumstances is permitted solely under the conditions stated below. Sublicensing is not allowed; section 10 makes it unnecessary.
3. Protecting Users' Legal Rights From Anti-Circumvention Law.
No covered work shall be deemed part of an effective technological measure under any applicable law fulfilling obligations under article 11 of the WIPO copyright treaty adopted on 20 December 1996, or similar laws prohibiting or restricting circumvention of such measures. When you convey a covered work, you waive any legal power to forbid circumvention of technological measures to the extent such circumvention is effected by exercising rights under this License with respect to the covered work, and you disclaim any intention to limit operation or modification of the work as a means of enforcing, against the work's users, your or third parties' legal rights to forbid circumvention of technological measures.
4. Conveying Verbatim Copies.
You may convey verbatim copies of the Program's source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate copyright notice; keep intact all notices stating that this License and any non-permissive terms added in accord with section 7 apply to the code; keep intact all notices of the absence of any warranty; and give all recipients a copy of this License along with the Program. You may charge any price or no price for each copy that you convey, and you may offer support or warranty protection for a fee.
5. Conveying Modified Source Versions.
You may convey a work based on the Program, or the modifications to produce it from the Program, in the form of source code under the terms of section 4, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
  • a) The work must carry prominent notices stating that you modified it, and giving a relevant date.
  • b) The work must carry prominent notices stating that it is released under this License and any conditions added under section 7. This requirement modifies the requirement in section 4 to “keep intact all notices”.
  • c) You must license the entire work, as a whole, under this License to anyone who comes into possession of a copy. This License will therefore apply, along with any applicable section 7 additional terms, to the whole of the work, and all its parts, regardless of how they are packaged. This License gives no permission to license the work in any other way, but it does not invalidate such permission if you have separately received it.
  • d) If the work has interactive user interfaces, each must display Appropriate Legal Notices; however, if the Program has interactive interfaces that do not display Appropriate Legal Notices, your work need not make them do so.
A compilation of a covered work with other separate and independent works, which are not by their nature extensions of the covered work, and which are not combined with it such as to form a larger program, in or on a volume of a storage or distribution medium, is called an “aggregate” if the compilation and its resulting copyright are not used to limit the access or legal rights of the compilation's users beyond what the individual works permit. Inclusion of a covered work in an aggregate does not cause this License to apply to the other parts of the aggregate.
6. Conveying Non-Source Forms.
You may convey a covered work in object code form under the terms of sections 4 and 5, provided that you also convey the machine-readable Corresponding Source under the terms of this License, in one of these ways:
  • a) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a physical distribution medium), accompanied by the Corresponding Source fixed on a durable physical medium customarily used for software interchange.
  • b) Convey the object code in, or embodied in, a physical product (including a physical distribution medium), accompanied by a written offer, valid for at least three years and valid for as long as you offer spare parts or customer support for that product model, to give anyone who possesses the object code either (1) a copy of the Corresponding Source for all the software in the product that is covered by this License, on a durable physical medium customarily used for software interchange, for a price no more than your reasonable cost of physically performing this conveying of source, or (2) access to copy the Corresponding Source from a network server at no charge.
  • c) Convey individual copies of the object code with a copy of the written offer to provide the Corresponding Source. This alternative is allowed only occasionally and noncommercially, and only if you received the object code with such an offer, in accord with subsection 6b.
  • d) Convey the object code by offering access from a designated place (gratis or for a charge), and offer equivalent access to the Corresponding Source in the same way through the same place at no further charge. You need not require recipients to copy the Corresponding Source along with the object code. If the place to copy the object code is a network server, the Corresponding Source may be on a different server (operated by you or a third party) that supports equivalent copying facilities, provided you maintain clear directions next to the object code saying where to find the Corresponding Source. Regardless of what server hosts the Corresponding Source, you remain obligated to ensure that it is available for as long as needed to satisfy these requirements.
  • e) Convey the object code using peer-to-peer transmission, provided you inform other peers where the object code and Corresponding Source of the work are being offered to the general public at no charge under subsection 6d.
A separable portion of the object code, whose source code is excluded from the Corresponding Source as a System Library, need not be included in conveying the object code work. A “User Product” is either (1) a “consumer product”, which means any tangible personal property which is normally used for personal, family, or household purposes, or (2) anything designed or sold for incorporation into a dwelling. In determining whether a product is a consumer product, doubtful cases shall be resolved in favor of coverage. For a particular product received by a particular user, “normally used” refers to a typical or common use of that class of product, regardless of the status of the particular user or of the way in which the particular user actually uses, or expects or is expected to use, the product. A product is a consumer product regardless of whether the product has substantial commercial, industrial or non-consumer uses, unless such uses represent the only significant mode of use of the product. “Installation Information” for a User Product means any methods, procedures, authorization keys, or other information required to install and execute modified versions of a covered work in that User Product from a modified version of its Corresponding Source. The information must suffice to ensure that the continued functioning of the modified object code is in no case prevented or interfered with solely because modification has been made. If you convey an object code work under this section in, or with, or specifically for use in, a User Product, and the conveying occurs as part of a transaction in which the right of possession and use of the User Product is transferred to the recipient in perpetuity or for a fixed term (regardless of how the transaction is characterized), the Corresponding Source conveyed under this section must be accompanied by the Installation Information. But this requirement does not apply if neither you nor any third party retains the ability to install modified object code on the User Product (for example, the work has been installed in ROM). The requirement to provide Installation Information does not include a requirement to continue to provide support service, warranty, or updates for a work that has been modified or installed by the recipient, or for the User Product in which it has been modified or installed. Access to a network may be denied when the modification itself materially and adversely affects the operation of the network or violates the rules and protocols for communication across the network. Corresponding Source conveyed, and Installation Information provided, in accord with this section must be in a format that is publicly documented (and with an implementation available to the public in source code form), and must require no special password or key for unpacking, reading or copying.
7. Additional Terms.
“Additional permissions” are terms that supplement the terms of this License by making exceptions from one or more of its conditions. Additional permissions that are applicable to the entire Program shall be treated as though they were included in this License, to the extent that they are valid under applicable law. If additional permissions apply only to part of the Program, that part may be used separately under those permissions, but the entire Program remains governed by this License without regard to the additional permissions. When you convey a copy of a covered work, you may at your option remove any additional permissions from that copy, or from any part of it. (Additional permissions may be written to require their own removal in certain cases when you modify the work.) You may place additional permissions on material, added by you to a covered work, for which you have or can give appropriate copyright permission. Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, for material you add to a covered work, you may (if authorized by the copyright holders of that material) supplement the terms of this License with terms:
  • a) Disclaiming warranty or limiting liability differently from the terms of sections 15 and 16 of this License; or
  • b) Requiring preservation of specified reasonable legal notices or author attributions in that material or in the Appropriate Legal Notices displayed by works containing it; or
  • c) Prohibiting misrepresentation of the origin of that material, or requiring that modified versions of such material be marked in reasonable ways as different from the original version; or
  • d) Limiting the use for publicity purposes of names of licensors or authors of the material; or
  • e) Declining to grant rights under trademark law for use of some trade names, trademarks, or service marks; or
  • f) Requiring indemnification of licensors and authors of that material by anyone who conveys the material (or modified versions of it) with contractual assumptions of liability to the recipient, for any liability that these contractual assumptions directly impose on those licensors and authors.
All other non-permissive additional terms are considered “further restrictions” within the meaning of section 10. If the Program as you received it, or any part of it, contains a notice stating that it is governed by this License along with a term that is a further restriction, you may remove that term. If a license document contains a further restriction but permits relicensing or conveying under this License, you may add to a covered work material governed by the terms of that license document, provided that the further restriction does not survive such relicensing or conveying. If you add terms to a covered work in accord with this section, you must place, in the relevant source files, a statement of the additional terms that apply to those files, or a notice indicating where to find the applicable terms. Additional terms, permissive or non-permissive, may be stated in the form of a separately written license, or stated as exceptions; the above requirements apply either way.
8. Termination.
You may not propagate or modify a covered work except as expressly provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to propagate or modify it is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this License (including any patent licenses granted under the third paragraph of section 11). However, if you cease all violation of this License, then your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated (a) provisionally, unless and until the copyright holder explicitly and finally terminates your license, and (b) permanently, if the copyright holder fails to notify you of the violation by some reasonable means prior to 60 days after the cessation. Moreover, your license from a particular copyright holder is reinstated permanently if the copyright holder notifies you of the violation by some reasonable means, this is the first time you have received notice of violation of this License (for any work) from that copyright holder, and you cure the violation prior to 30 days after your receipt of the notice. Termination of your rights under this section does not terminate the licenses of parties who have received copies or rights from you under this License. If your rights have been terminated and not permanently reinstated, you do not qualify to receive new licenses for the same material under section 10.
9. Acceptance Not Required for Having Copies.
You are not required to accept this License in order to receive or run a copy of the Program. Ancillary propagation of a covered work occurring solely as a consequence of using peer-to-peer transmission to receive a copy likewise does not require acceptance. However, nothing other than this License grants you permission to propagate or modify any covered work. These actions infringe copyright if you do not accept this License. Therefore, by modifying or propagating a covered work, you indicate your acceptance of this License to do so.
10. Automatic Licensing of Downstream Recipients.
Each time you convey a covered work, the recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensors, to run, modify and propagate that work, subject to this License. You are not responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties with this License. An “entity transaction” is a transaction transferring control of an organization, or substantially all assets of one, or subdividing an organization, or merging organizations. If propagation of a covered work results from an entity transaction, each party to that transaction who receives a copy of the work also receives whatever licenses to the work the party's predecessor in interest had or could give under the previous paragraph, plus a right to possession of the Corresponding Source of the work from the predecessor in interest, if the predecessor has it or can get it with reasonable efforts. You may not impose any further restrictions on the exercise of the rights granted or affirmed under this License. For example, you may not impose a license fee, royalty, or other charge for exercise of rights granted under this License, and you may not initiate litigation (including a cross-claim or counterclaim in a lawsuit) alleging that any patent claim is infringed by making, using, selling, offering for sale, or importing the Program or any portion of it.
11. Patents.
A “contributor” is a copyright holder who authorizes use under this License of the Program or a work on which the Program is based. The work thus licensed is called the contributor's “contributor version”. A contributor's “essential patent claims” are all patent claims owned or controlled by the contributor, whether already acquired or hereafter acquired, that would be infringed by some manner, permitted by this License, of making, using, or selling its contributor version, but do not include claims that would be infringed only as a consequence of further modification of the contributor version. For purposes of this definition, “control” includes the right to grant patent sublicenses in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License. Each contributor grants you a non-exclusive, worldwide, royalty-free patent license under the contributor's essential patent claims, to make, use, sell, offer for sale, import and otherwise run, modify and propagate the contents of its contributor version. In the following three paragraphs, a “patent license” is any express agreement or commitment, however denominated, not to enforce a patent (such as an express permission to practice a patent or covenant not to sue for patent infringement). To “grant” such a patent license to a party means to make such an agreement or commitment not to enforce a patent against the party. If you convey a covered work, knowingly relying on a patent license, and the Corresponding Source of the work is not available for anyone to copy, free of charge and under the terms of this License, through a publicly available network server or other readily accessible means, then you must either (1) cause the Corresponding Source to be so available, or (2) arrange to deprive yourself of the benefit of the patent license for this particular work, or (3) arrange, in a manner consistent with the requirements of this License, to extend the patent license to downstream recipients. “Knowingly relying” means you have actual knowledge that, but for the patent license, your conveying the covered work in a country, or your recipient's use of the covered work in a country, would infringe one or more identifiable patents in that country that you have reason to believe are valid. If, pursuant to or in connection with a single transaction or arrangement, you convey, or propagate by procuring conveyance of, a covered work, and grant a patent license to some of the parties receiving the covered work authorizing them to use, propagate, modify or convey a specific copy of the covered work, then the patent license you grant is automatically extended to all recipients of the covered work and works based on it. A patent license is “discriminatory” if it does not include within the scope of its coverage, prohibits the exercise of, or is conditioned on the non-exercise of one or more of the rights that are specifically granted under this License. You may not convey a covered work if you are a party to an arrangement with a third party that is in the business of distributing software, under which you make payment to the third party based on the extent of your activity of conveying the work, and under which the third party grants, to any of the parties who would receive the covered work from you, a discriminatory patent license (a) in connection with copies of the covered work conveyed by you (or copies made from those copies), or (b) primarily for and in connection with specific products or compilations that contain the covered work, unless you entered into that arrangement, or that patent license was granted, prior to 28 March 2007. Nothing in this License shall be construed as excluding or limiting any implied license or other defenses to infringement that may otherwise be available to you under applicable patent law.
12. No Surrender of Others' Freedom.
If conditions are imposed on you (whether by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License, they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot convey a covered work so as to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent obligations, then as a consequence you may not convey it at all. For example, if you agree to terms that obligate you to collect a royalty for further conveying from those to whom you convey the Program, the only way you could satisfy both those terms and this License would be to refrain entirely from conveying the Program.
13. Use with the GNU Affero General Public License.
Notwithstanding any other provision of this License, you have permission to link or combine any covered work with a work licensed under version 3 of the GNU Affero General Public License into a single combined work, and to convey the resulting work. The terms of this License will continue to apply to the part which is the covered work, but the special requirements of the GNU Affero General Public License, section 13, concerning interaction through a network will apply to the combination as such.
14. Revised Versions of this License.
The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the GNU General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies that a certain numbered version of the GNU General Public License “or any later version” applies to it, you have the option of following the terms and conditions either of that numbered version or of any later version published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of the GNU General Public License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program specifies that a proxy can decide which future versions of the GNU General Public License can be used, that proxy's public statement of acceptance of a version permanently authorizes you to choose that version for the Program. Later license versions may give you additional or different permissions. However, no additional obligations are imposed on any author or copyright holder as a result of your choosing to follow a later version.
15. Disclaimer of Warranty.
16. Limitation of Liability.
17. Interpretation of Sections 15 and 16.
If the disclaimer of warranty and limitation of liability provided above cannot be given local legal effect according to their terms, reviewing courts shall apply local law that most closely approximates an absolute waiver of all civil liability in connection with the Program, unless a warranty or assumption of liability accompanies a copy of the Program in return for a fee. END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS

GNU Projeleri Listesi

  • 3DLDF - 3D drawing package
  • ACM - Aerial combat simulation game
  • Abdabi - Service discovery system for DotGNU
  • Aeneas - the GNU package for the design and simulation of submicron semiconductor devices.
  • Aetherspace - Project to produce a multiplayer game
  • Anubis - Processes outgoing mail
  • Archimedes - Software for designing and simulating submicron semiconductor devices
  • Aspell - Spell checker
  • Autoconf - Produces shell scripts which automatically configure source code
  • Autogen - Automated program and text generation
  • Automake - Generates files
  • BPEL2oWFN - translates a web service expressed in BPEL into an oWFN
  • Barcode - Converts text strings to printed bars
  • Bash - Shell of the GNU operating system
  • Bayonne - GNU telephony server
  • Bazaar Version Control - distributed version control
  • Bc - Interactive algebraic language
  • Binutils - Collection of binary utilities
  • Bison - Replacement for the parser generator 'yacc'
  • Calendula - Fund-raising/contact management software for non-profits
  • Cfengine - Maintains configuration of a heterogenous UNIX network
  • Chess - Chess game
  • Common C++ - Highly portable C++ class library
  • Cpio - Archiver that handles various types of cpio and tar archives
  • DJGPP - GCC, G++, and GNU utilities for DOS
  • DMD - Service manager that's a replacement for SysV-init
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  • Dia - GTK-based diagram drawing program
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  • Diffutils - Finds differences between and among files
  • Dionysus - a local machine search engine for universal constants and parameters of scientific and engineering relevance.
  • Dominion - Multi-player role-playing simulation
  • Double Choco Latte - System for tracking bugs, changes, enhancements, and requests for software
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  • Emacs - Extensible, real-time editor
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  • GLib - Core library that forms the basis of GTK+ and GNOME
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  • GNU GLOBAL - Source code tag system for C, C++, Java, and Yacc
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  • GNU Generic Security Service - Libgss - Implementation of the Generic Security Service API
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  • GNU MAC Changer - Is a utility to manipulate a MAC address
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  • GNU Proxyknife - Validate free proxies for users behind firewalls
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  • GNU SASL - SASL network authentication library
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  • Idutils - Tools for indexing
  • Indent - C source beautifier
  • Inetutils - Collection of common network programs
  • Jacal - Mathematics program
  • Kawa - Scheme and Emacs Lisp on a Java VM
  • Less - Display paginator
  • LibCVS - Provides CVS functionality in library form
  • Libgcrypt - Cryptographic library
  • Libiconv - Converts between character encodings
  • Libtasn1 - the ASN.1 library used by GnuTLS, GNU Shishi and some other packages.
  • Lilypond - Music typesetter
  • Mailman - Manages discussion lists
  • Mailutils - A set of libraries and programs for handling e-mail messages
  • Melting - Nearest-neighbor compilation of nucleic acid hybridation
  • Midnight Commander - Unix file manager
  • Mifluz - Full text inverted index query library
  • Mll2html - Converts a mailing lists file to an HTML file
  • Motti - Multiplayer, networked strategy game
  • Mtools - Lets Unix systems work with DOS files
  • Mule - Multilingual text editor for Emacs
  • Nana - Library for assertion checking and logging in GNU C/C++
  • Nano - Pico clone for *NIX
  • Nautilus - File manager and graphical shell
  • Ncurses - Displays and updates text on text-only terminals
  • Nettle - Cryptographic library
  • Ocrad - OCR program based on feature extraction
  • Octave - High-level language for numerical computations
  • Oleo - Lightweight spreadsheet program
  • PCB - Designs printed circuit board layouts
  • PHP GroupWare - Groupware suite
  • PIPS - Converts data between formats
  • PSPP - Statistics package
  • Panorama - Framework for 3D graphics production
  • Paperclips - Webserver and dynamic content container
  • Patch - Applies a patch to a file
  • Patchwork - Utility for rapid patch development and submission
  • Paxutils - Tool to manage file archives
  • Pies - Program Invocation and Execution Supervisor
  • Plotutils - Plotting and graphics utilities
  • Proto - Tools to find function prototypes
  • Psychosynth - an interactive modular soft-synth.
  • Pth - GNU Portable Threads library
  • Ptx - Index generator
  • Qexo - XQuery to Java compiler
  • Quagga - Back-end software for the FSF's Directory of Free Software
  • Queue - Batch processing and local rsh replacement system
  • RCS - Version control and project management software
  • RPGE - an engine for 2D role playing games.
  • Radius - Remote authentication and accounting system
  • Readline - Lets users edit command lines as they are typed in
  • Recode - Front end to the 'recode' translation library
  • RefTeX - a specialized package for support of labels, references, citations, and the indices in LaTeX.
  • Rush - Restricted User Shell with sophisticated configuration files.
  • SIP Witch - a pure SIP-based office telephone call server that offers generic business telephone system features.
  • SXML - Defines and implements a mark-up language
  • Screen - Runs separate screens on a single terminal
  • Sed - A stream-oriented non-interactive text editor
  • Serveez - Server framework
  • Shared Memory Manager - access all shared memory
  • Sharutils - Creates and helps unpack shell archives
  • Shtool - The GNU portable shell tool
  • SmartEiffel - Eiffel compiler
  • Snug - Project to develop a free version of Java Swing
  • Sovix - PHP-based, semantic website revision system
  • SpeedX - Racing game
  • Termutils - Programs for controlling terminals
  • Texinfo - Produces manuals, ASCII text, and on-line documentation
  • Thales - IRC to MySQL gateway
  • The GNU Objective C Class Library - The GNU Objective C Class Library (libobjects) is a library of general-purpose, non-graphical Objective C objects
  • Time - Reports the user, system, and real time used by a process
  • ToutDoux - Project manager
  • Units - Unit conversion and calculation
  • VCD Imager - Free software (Super) video CD authoring solution
  • Wget - Retrieves files from the Web
  • Which - Prints out full path of execuatbles
  • Window Maker - Window manager for X Window System
  • Xboard - Graphical chessboard
  • Xhippo - Playlist manager
  • Xmorph - Image morphing program
  • Xnee - Records, distributes, and replays X11 protocol data
  • Zebra - Implementation of routing protocols
  • Zile is Lossy Emacs - An Emacs clone.
  • a2ps - Any to PostScript filter
  • acct - GNU system accounting utilities
  • adns - Resolver library for C and C++ programs
  • aroundme - Social networking and team interaction software
  • auctex - Integrated environment for editing LaTeX and TeX files
  • avl - Library for balanced binary trees
  • beacon - Simple date and category-driven Web publishing system
  • bool - Utility for matching boolean queries in text
  • ccAudio2 - Library and software for manipulating audio data
  • ccrtp - RTP stack
  • ccscript - C++ class framework for creating a virtual machine execution system
  • cflow - Charts control flow within source code
  • cgicc - C++ class library for writing CGI applications
  • cim - Compiler for the programming language Simula
  • classpath - Free core class libraries for the Java programming language
  • clisp - ANSI Common Lisp compiler, debugger, and interpreter
  • combine - Extensible file matching and filtering
  • cons - 'Make' replacement
  • coreutils - Collection of basic file, shell and text manipulation utilities
  • cssc - Free clone of SCCS
  • dap - Statistics and graphics package
  • ddd - Graphical front end for command line debuggers
  • ddrescue - Data recovery tool
  • dejaGnu - Framework to test programs
  • diction - Checks text for readability and bad usage
  • dr. geo - Builds geometric figures
  • emms - Emacs multimedia system
  • enscript - Converts ASCII files to PostScript
  • ferret - GNU data modeller
  • fhp - m4 macro for creating Web pages
  • fontutils - Converts between font formats and creates fonts
  • fribidi - Free implementation of the Unicode Bidirectional (BiDi) Algorithm
  • g++ - C++ compiler
  • gama - Geodetic network adjustment program
  • gawk - String manipulation language
  • gcjwebplugin - Browser plugin that executes Java applets
  • gengen - A parameterized-text-generator generator based on a template
  • gforth - Free implementation of the ANS Forth language
  • gfortran - Fortran compiler
  • gleem - Library of 3D widgets
  • gmp - The GNU Multiple Precision Arithmetic Library
  • gnotary - Project to produce a digital notary service
  • gnu-arch - Revision control system
  • gnu-crypto - Project to produce a full set of Java cryptographic tools
  • gnuae - Software to produce alternative energy systems
  • gnubg - Plays and analyzes backgammon games and matches
  • gnubiff - Mail notification program
  • gnucomm - GNU telecommunications project
  • gnuit - Tools for simple, daily file and system management tasks
  • gnulib - GNU portability library
  • gnumach - Microkernel of the GNU system
  • gnunet - Anonymous peer-to-peer file-sharing
  • gnupg (GPG) - Complete implementation of the OpenPGP Internet standard
  • gnupod - Lets you use an iPod under GNU/Linux
  • gnuradio - Software to create digital radio signals
  • gnuschool - Is a web application for educators, students, and school administrators.
  • gnushogi - Japanese version of chess
  • gnuskies - Project to create a free version of the xephem program
  • gnusound - Multitrack sound editor for Gnome
  • gnusysutils - Planned group of utilities for system administrators
  • gpaint - GNOME paint program
  • gprolog - Prolog compiler
  • groff - Document formatting system
  • guile-dbi - Guile database abstraction layer
  • guile-gtk - Guile language bindings for Gtk+ version 1.2
  • gurgle - Formerly the GNU Report Generator
  • gv - Frontend for ghostscript
  • gvpe - Secure vpn network among multiple nodes over an untrusted network
  • gzip - Compresses and decompresses files
  • hOpla - Link between XML files and SQL databases
  • halifax - Client applications suite for fax applications
  • hello - GNU version of "Hello, world!"
  • hp2xx - Reads and converts HP-GL files to various formats
  • hurd - Project GNU's replacement for the Unix kernel
  • intlfonts - Fonts for all characters Emacs 20 can handle
  • java2html - Translates Java files to HTML
  • jel - Compiler for simple expressions into Java byte code
  • jwhois - Internet whois client
  • libc - Library for use with GNU/Hurd and GNU/Linux
  • libcdio - Encapsulates CD-ROM reading and control
  • libextractor - Extracts metadata information from files
  • libffcall - Builds foreign function call interfaces in embedded interpreters
  • libmicrohttpd - GNU library
  • libopts - AutoOpts option parser library that supports stand alone config files
  • libsigsegv - Library for handling page faults
  • libtool - Generic library support script
  • libunistring - a library provides functions for manipulating Unicode strings and for manipulating C strings according to the Unicode standard.
  • libxmi - Library for rasterizing 2-D vector graphics
  • liquidwar6 - Liquid War 6 is a unique multiplayer wargame.
  • lsh - Free implementation of the SSH protocol
  • m4 - Macro processor
  • make - Generates executables and other non-source programs
  • marst - Algol to C translator
  • maverik - Virtual reality micro kernel
  • mcron - Vixie cron replacement
  • mcsim - Simulation software for designing, analyzing and calibrating mathematical models
  • mdk - Emulator and development environment for Knuth's MIX computer
  • miscfiles - Collection of various files
  • mit-scheme - MIT/GNU Scheme programming language
  • moe - A powerful and user-friendly text editor
  • muse - Emacs mode for publishing in various modes
  • orgadoc - Helps organize documentation
  • osip - Library supporting the Session Initiation Protocol
  • parted - Manipulates disk partitions
  • phantom security - Home security system
  • phantom_home - Home automation system
  • phpgrabcomics - Retrieves and saves comics from the Web
  • polyxmass - Mass spectrometric framework for simulation and analysis of mass spectrometric data of (bio-)polymers
  • protoize - Creates or removes prototypes from C code
  • rottlog - Replacement for Red Hat's 'logrotate.'
  • sather - Object-oriented language
  • shishi - Free implementation of the Kerberos 5 network security system
  • slib - Portable scheme library
  • sourceinstaller - Graphical tool for source package configuration, installation, tracking and removal
  • spacechart - Displays the stars in space in 3D
  • speex - Speech compression format
  • spell - Spell checker
  • src-highlite - Turns source code into a file with syntax highlighting
  • stow - Manages installation process
  • superopt - Finds the shortest instruction sequence for a given function
  • swbis - Extensions to the POSIX packaging standard
  • talkfilters - Translates English text into dialects
  • tramp - Remote file editing software
  • unrtf - Converts from RTF to other formats
  • userv - Security boundary tool
  • uucp - File copying program
  • wdiff - Front end to GNU 'diff'
  • womb - Repository for homeless code
  • xaos - Real-time fractal zoomer
  • xlogmaster - Monitors logfiles and devices

Yumurta Zamanlayıcı

Yumurta zamanlayıcısı lezzetli ve tam kıvamında yumurtalar hazırlaması için yazılmıştır.Yapmanız gereken ilk önce yumurta suyunu kaynatıp daha sonra "Yumurta Zamanlayıcı"sını çalıştırmak.Seçtiğiniz yumurta kıvamına göre size altını kapatmanız gerektiği uyarısını bilgisayarınız "beep" sesi ile verecektir.

Yumurta pişirmenin incelikleri hakkında bilgi almak için buradan

Programı indirmek için ise buradan

$ python komutu ile programı çalıştırabilirsiniz.

Programın kaynak kodları:

#!/usr/bin/env python

-- coding:utf-8 --

"Yazan: Emre ERYILMAZ"

"Tarih: 28 Aralık 2009"

"İletişim: "

"web adresi:"

"Bu program size tam kıvamında yumurtalar hazırlaması için hazırlanmıştır."

import time

class yumurta(object): def init(self): self.ekran()

def rafadan(self): time.sleep(180) print "\a\a\a\a","Rafadan yumurtanız Hazır,Afiyet olsun." def kayisi(self): time.sleep(300) print "\a\a\a\a","Mis gibi Kayısı yumurtanız Hazır,Afiyet olsun." def kati(self): time.sleep(720) print "\a\a\a\a","Katı yumurtanız Hazır,Afiyet olsun." def ekran(self): now=time.strftime("%H:%M:%S") print "Sistem Saati",": ",now print "\nYumurta Zamanlayıcısı\nProgram Önerisi:Lütfen ilk önce suyu kaynatın, daha sonra yumurtayı ilave edip programı başlatın ve seçiminizi yapın.\n\n"

print "(1) Rafadan Yumurta" print "(2) Kayısı Yumurta" print "(3) Katı Yumurta\n\n" soru=input("Lütfen yumurta seçimini yapın: ") if soru==1: self.rafadan() elif soru==2: self.kayisi() elif soru==3: self.kati() else: print "Lütfen seçim yapın"



Python ile Alarm Programı

Bu program televizyonlardaki alarm sisteminin bilgisayarda olan versiyonudur.Kaç saat ve kaç dakika sonra çalmasını ( bu programda sizi radyo uyandıracak) istiyorsanız giriyorsunuz.Sizin belirttiğiniz süre sonunda bilgisayarınızda tarayıcıda açılacak ve karşınıza AOL radyo çıkacak.Umarım uyanırsınız :)

Programı indirmek için buradan

$python komutu ile programı çalıştırabilirsiniz.

Programın kaynak kodları ise aşağıdaki gibi:

#!/usr/bin/env python

-- coding:utf-8 --

"Yazan: Emre ERYILMAZ"

"Tarih: 28 Aralık 2009"

"İletişim: "

"web adresi:"

"Bu program televizyonlardaki alarm sisteminin bilgisayarda olan versiyonudur.Kaç saat ve kaç dakika

sonra çalmasını( bu programda sizi radyo uyandıracak) istiyorsanız giriyorsunuz.Sizin belirttiğiniz

süre sonunda bilgisayarınızda tarayıcıda açılacak ve karşınıza AOL radyo çıkacak.Umarım uyanırsınız:)"

import time,webbrowser


print "Sistem Saati",": ",now print "\n\n"

soru=input("Lütfen alarm saatini girin: ")

soru1=input("Lütfen alarm dakikasını girin: ")




Python ile Google'da Arama

Basit bir konsoldan çalıştırabileceğiniz "google içinde arama" programı.Programı konsoldan çalıştırdıktan sonra arayacağınız metayı girip enterladığınızda sonucu o an açık olan tarayıcıda yeni bir tabda ya da default tarayıcınızda açan basit python ile yazılmış program.

Programı indirmek için buradan

İndirdikten sonra çalıştırmak için,konsoldan programın bulunduğu dizine geçip,

$ python  komutunu vermeniz yeterli.

Programın kaynak kodları ise aşağıdaki gibi:

!/usr/bin/env python

-- coding:utf-8 --

"Yazan: Emre ERYILMAZ"

"Tarih: 28 Aralık 2009"

"İletişim: "

"web adresi:"

"Google'dan girdiğiniz metayı bulup tarayıcınızda açan basit bir konsol programı"

import webbrowser while True: print "Çıkış için 'q' tuşuna basın." meta = raw_input("Ara : ") if meta=="q": break else: pass google = '' adress = '' meta = '+'.join((meta.split(' '))) print meta


Pardus 2009.1 Beta

pardus 2009

Pardus 2009.1 Çalışan CD'nin Beta sürümü, geliştirici ve deneyimli kullanıcılar tarafından test edilmesi için yayınlandı. Pardus 2009 Sürüm Yöneticisi Onur KÜÇÜK, geliştirici listesine gönderdiği iletiyle bu yeni sürümün gelişimine katkı vermek isteyen kullanıcılarımızı test süreçlerine katılmaya çağırıyor.

"Şu anda FTP sunucusunda Kurulan ve Kurulan International yer alıyor. Çalışan CD ile bazı donanımlarda X açılışı ile sorun yaşadığımız için henüz FTP sunucusuna yerleştirmedik. Sorunun sadece Türkçe açılışta olduğunu tahmin ediyoruz ancak farklı donanımlar üzerinde deneyip sorunun kaynağını yakalamak istiyoruz."

Bu beta sürümünü adresinden indirebilirsiniz. Daha az hata bulunduran bir Çalışan CD sürümü için karşılaştığınız hataları adresine bildirebilirsiniz.

Kaynak:Özgürlük için

Coyote Linux

"Netcraft Site Report" ile bilindik büyük sitelerin sitelerin kullandığı serverlara göz atarken Tübitak'ın kullandığı serverın isminin Linux tabanlı Coyote Linux oluduğunu gördüm.Coyote Linux'un ne olduğundan bahsetmeden önce sizde Netcraft'tan merak ettiğiniz sitelerin hangi tabanlı serverlerı kullandığını,ip'lerini,serverın uptime ve reboot hareketlerini,değişen ip hareketlerini,dns serverlarının ne olduğuna vs vs bakmak istiyorsanız buradan .

COYOTE LINUX :Bu linux dağıtımı ilk olarak 1998 yılında Joshua Jackson tarafından floppy tabanlı olarak çıkmış.Daha sonra bu floppy tabanlı proje "Brasil FW" olarak devam etmiş.İlk sürümü yayınlandıktan sonra 2 milyon kez indirilmiş ve genel olarak ticari kullancılar tarafından kullanılıyor.

Coyote Linux halen küçük  boyutta ve Linux içine gömülmüş firewall  gibi çalışıyor.Bu dağıtım için ayrıntılı bilgiye buradan .İndirmek için buradan .

Ekran Görüntüleri:

Coyote Linux ekran görüntüsü

Coyote Linux ekran görüntüsü 2

Coyote Linux ekran görüntüsü 3

Python'da Türkçe karakter çözümü

Python'da Türkçe karakter sıkıntısı çekenler için çok kısa bir çözüm,lütfen aşağıdaki örneği inceleyin:

def monte(self):
yukardaki örnekteki kalın kodlar yapılan text,entry girişlerinde türkçe karakter desteği verecektir.

Python ile MySQL uygulaması

Python ile basit MySQL uygulaması,MySQL veritabanı ve tablo oluşturma

Python programlama diline yeni başlayanlar için(benim gibi) mysql veritabanı ve tablo oluşturma,ardından da bu veritabanını(tabloyu) yazdığım küçük python programımızda nasıl veri ekliyeceğimizi yada veritabanına nasıl sorgu gönderip veri çekeceğimizi anlatacağım.

İlk olarak Python ile MySQL veritabanını kullanabilmemiz için "mysqldb" kütüphanesine ihtiyacımız olacak.Debian ve türevi kullanıcıları için;

$aptitude install python-mysqldb #komutu ile sistemimize bu kütüphaneyi indirip kuruyoruz.

Şimdi gelelim programımızda kullanacağımız MySQL veritabanını ve tablomuzu oluşturmaya;

$mysql -u root -p #konsola komutu verip ve ardından şifremizi girdikten sonra mysql veritabanına erişelim.

Mysql'e giriş yaptıktan sonra yeni veritabanını oluşturalım;

mysql>create database ornek; (sizin verebiliceğiniz herhangi veritabanı adı)

Query OK ,cümlesi ile başlayan cevabı aldığımızda işlemimiz olumlu sonuçlanmış ve veritabanımız oluşturulmuştur.Hemen bu veritabanına geçip tablo oluşturalım.Burada tablo oluştururken sütun ve karakter sayısı sizin ihtiyacınıza kalmış.Aşağıdaki örneği inceleyelim;

mysql>use ornek ;# yeni oluşturduğumuz veritabanına geçiş yapalım.

mysql>create table kutuphane (kitap varchar(50), yazar varchar(50), yayin varchar(50), yil varchar(10));

Böylece veritabanımızda "kitap,yazar,yayin,yil" sütunları olan kutuphane adlı bir tablo oluşturduk.Şimdi tablo örnek bir veri girelim;

mysql>insert into kutuphane values ("Python Linux","Great TUX","Linux Yayinlari","2009");

Query OK,ile başlayan mesajı aldıysanız  veritabanına ilk  veri girişimiz başarıyla tamamlanmış demektir.Eklediğimiz verileri tabloda görmek için;

mysql>select * from kutuphane; #yazarak görebilirsiniz.

Böylece MySQL'de veritabanımızı,tablomuzu ve ilk örnek verimizi girmiş olduk.Sıra geldi yazacağımız Python  ile bu veritabanına veri ekleyeceğimiz küçük bir program yazmaya.Aşağıda örnek kodları mevcut dikkatle inceleyin.

#!/usr/bin/env python

-- coding:utf-8 --

import MySQLdb

def ekle(): x=raw_input("Lütfen ekleyeceğiniz kitabın adını girin: ")  y=raw_input("Eklediğiniz kitabın yazarını girin: "  z=raw_input("Yayınevi : ") v=raw_input("Basım Yılı: ") db=MySQLdb.connect(host="localhost",user="root",passwd="123456",db="ornek") cursor=db.cursor() s="""insert into kutuphane (kitap,yazar,yayin,yil) values (%s,%s,%s,%s)""" cursor.executemany(s,[(x,y,z,v)])


Bu kodları herhangi bir metin düzenliyici ile yazıp "" olarak kaydedin.Konsoldan dosyanın bulunduğu dizine girip;

$python #yazarak veritabanınıza veri ekleyin.(Kodlarda yanlışlık olabilir eğer varsa yorumlarda belirtin lütfen)

Kolay gelsin.